Publications on tripartism and social dialogue

  1. ILO working paper 67

    Social dialogue in the Public Services in selected ASEAN Countries

    17 June 2022

    A comparative overview of the laws, institutions and practices in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand

  2. Publication

    Employment Situation in Latin America and the Caribbean (Number 26): Real wages during the pandemic: trends and challenges

    16 June 2022

    This edition of the Employment Situation in Latin America and the Caribbean report, jointly prepared twice-yearly by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) analyses the effects of and recovery from the crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic in the region’s labor markets in 2021, spotlighting the evolution of real wages.

  3. Report

    Gender Pay Gap in Portugal

    14 June 2022

  4. Publication

    Cooperatives and the World of Work No. 15 - Partnerships between trade unions and the social and solidarity economy to support informal economy workers

    13 May 2022

    This brief documents partnerships between trade unions and the social and the solidarity economy in support of informal economy workers. It is based on a research study that involved a literature review, and an examination of selected partnerships through the development of country case studies in Brazil, Colombia, Kenya and South Africa, and validation of findings with organizations of informal economy workers.

  5. POST COVID-19

    The Next Normal: The changing Workplace in Africa – Ten Trends from the COVID-19 Pandemic that are Shaping Workplaces in Africa

    12 May 2022

    The destabilizing effects of the COVID-19 pandemic have had dramatic social, economic and health effects across the African continent. Despite these challenging circumstances, many enterprises and their workers across the continent have taken a wide range of steps to adapt to this fluid environment. They have changed everything from the characteristics of their working space to their human resource strategies, and throughout it all have demonstrated great resilience and adaptability. To better understand these dynamics, the Bureau for Employers Activities of the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the ILO Regional Office for Africa partnered with employer and business membership organizations (EBMOs) from across Africa to study these changes, enterprises’ views about them, and steps enterprises are taking in response to them.

  6. Executive Summary

    Social Dialogue Report 2022: Collective bargaining for an inclusive, sustainable and resilient recovery

    05 May 2022

  7. Flagship Report

    Social Dialogue Report 2022: Collective bargaining for an inclusive, sustainable and resilient recovery

    05 May 2022

    This first edition of this new ILO flagship report focuses on collective bargaining.

  8. ILO working paper 58

    Diversity of practices in social dialogue in the public service in selected African countries

    20 April 2022

  9. World Day for Safety and Health at Work 2022 Report

    Enhancing social dialogue towards a culture of safety and health: What have we learned from the COVID-19 crisis?

    14 April 2022


    Transforming enterprises through diversity and inclusion. Country profiles.

    06 April 2022

    This report presents the findings from one of the most comprehensive studies on equality, diver-sity and inclusion conducted by the ILO during a period of immense disruption as the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic was felt worldwide. It contributes new understanding and insights to better support enterprises in creating powerful and comprehensive change in eliminating all forms of discrimination within the workplace and promoting equality, diversity and inclusion. It builds on the wealth of existing research showing the critical role of D&I in the high performance of the workforce, businesses, economies and societies globally.