Public service sector
The Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention, 1948 (No. 87), the Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 (No. 98), and the Labour Relations (Public Service) Convention, 1978 (No. 151) guarantee government workers the rights to organize and bargain collectively. Convention No. 151 also establishes that disputes related to the determination of the terms and conditions of employment should be resolved through negotiations or through impartial and independent machinery. National laws or regulations may determine how the guarantees provided for in Convention 98 apply to the armed forces and the police, and may also exclude high-level government employees whose functions are normally considered as policy-making or managerial, or employees whose duties are of a highly confidential nature, from the protection of Convention 151.
By April 2015, 53 ILO member states have ratified Convention No. 151. In 2013-15, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Morocco and Tunisia ratified the Convention, marking the highest rate since 1982. Other countries have taken action to implement the Convention, for example Brazil and Colombia.
More effective protection needed for public sector whistle-blowers
14 October 2022
Our cooperative has dignified the work of waste pickers
30 June 2022
Is public sector employment a haven in the COVID-19 jobs crisis?
14 June 2021
How can BRICS countries leverage technology to achieve decent work for all?
09 October 2020
Hand hygiene at the workplace: an essential occupational safety and health prevention and control measure against COVID-19
08 September 2020
- C87 Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention, 1948
- C94 Labour Clauses (Public Contracts) Convention, 1949
- C98 Right to organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949
- C151 Labour Relations (Public Service) Convention, 1978
- C154 Collective Bargaining Convention, 1981
- R91 Collective Agreements Recommendation, 1951
- R92 Voluntary Conciliation and Arbitration Recommendation, 1951
- R159 Labour Relations (Public Service) Recommendation, 1978
- R163 Collective Bargaining Recommendation, 1981
Life on the Frontline 2019: A global survey of the working conditions of rangers
In this report, the largest of its kind ever conducted, 7,110 public-sector patrol rangers are surveyed at hundreds of sites across 28 countries. The ILO contributed to elaborate the survey and analyse the results, especially regarding the application of relevant ILO Conventions.
Guidelines on decent work in public emergency services
Guidelines adopted at the Meeting of Experts to adopt Guidelines on Decent Work in Public Emergency Services (Geneva, 16–20 April 2018)
Public Emergency Services
Emergencies should be no barrier to decent work
Promoting constructive approaches to labour relations in the public service
Global Dialogue Forum on Challenges to Collective Bargaining in the Public Service
Enabling Public Service to Contribute to Sustainable Development and Poverty Alleviation through Improved Social Dialogue and Human Resource Development (HRD)