Global value chain analysis of the automotive and garment sectors: A study of Germany, Spain, Romania, Indonesia and Mexico for 2000-2014
Since the end of the last century, there has been an increasing trend of production fragmentation. Although all manufacturing sectors have become globalised to some degree, the case of automotive and garment sectors stand out. This report analyses the trends in employment, value-added and functional income distribution of the automotive and garment supply chains of Germany, Spain, Romania, Indonesia and Mexico for 2000-2014. It also focuses on the spatial and sectoral distribution of these variables. The empirical framework for the analysis is the multiregional input-output model, using data from the World Input-Output Database, Release 2016. The heterogeneity of the selected producer countries allows to provide a rich picture of the alternative organisations of global supply chains across different regions.